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A wide variety of medicinal plants, as well as various types of shrubs, are found in the Lonar Lake surrounding environment. Due to the variety of animals, birds and plants in the area, it has been declared as ‘Lonar Wildlife Sanctuary’.
Lonar Lake and its surroundings
The water in Lonar Lake is not suitable for drinking as it is very salty. But due to some of its specific properties, this water is used in products made for dermatitis. No fish or other aquatic life is found in these waters. It only contains a variety of algae and other bacteria. Therefore, no fishing or other related business is done in Lonar Lake.
About 14 species of green and blue algae are found in the waters of Lonar Lake. And since all these types of algae are rich in protein, birds flock here in large numbers to eat them. A variety of native birds, foreign birds and animals are also crowded here.
Some of the bacteria and microorganisms in the salty water are extremely useful for maintaining the earth’s atmosphere and working against global warming. Also, due to the specific type of algae in the water, the water sometimes changes colour and turns pinkish-red.
Radiation-resistant bacteria, magnetic bacteria as well as blue-green algae are also found here. Some types of bacteria live on methane gas, which is extremely useful for reducing global warming.
When you walk along the shores of Lake Lonar, you naturally smell a certain kind of foul smell. We want to tell you that this stench is caused by local hydrogen sulfide gas. This smell can make it difficult for you to stand there for long.
As the time from sunrise to sunset passes in the area of Lonar Lake, we can see many changes in the atmosphere here. Temperatures can reach 32 degrees Celsius after 12 noon, even in winter.
Animals & Plants near lake area
As the evening draws to a close, a variety of animals such as wolves, peacocks, hyenas, etc. are found in the lake area. It makes walking after sunset is prohibited in the area.
Lonar Lake looks green almost all year round due to the presence of dense flowers of cyanobacteria like Arthrospira. A variety of algae, fungi and micro-eukaryotes have been found at the bottom of Lonar Lake.
The lake area is home to some of these animals, plants, and microorganisms, which are not found anywhere else on earth; this makes Lonar Lake such a special place. New species of fungus, Curvularia lonarensis, has been found in the lake.
You can see all these features at Lonar Lake scientifically, but Lonar also has a lot of cultural and religious significance. In the Ganga Bhogwati temple kunda, you can see the freshwater flowing continuously for twelve months.
You can also check the sweet and salty water in the well known as ‘Sasu-Sunechi Vihir’ in the temple area of the famous Goddess Kamalja Temple.
Crops near Lonar Lake surrounding environment
This land is different from the other lands, and the water in the lake area is extremely saline water. This environment is helpful in nurturing medicinal plants that are used in a variety of disorders.
Acacia nilotica, Ficus glomerata, Terminalia arjuna, Tendu, Java Plum, Ficus benghalensis, Dolichandrone falcata (Medishing) etc. plants are found in the sanctuary area around the lake.
Cotton, sorghum and other cereals are grown in and around the Lonar area. Similarly, different types of oilseeds like soybean, sunflower and groundnut are grown here. Cotton in particular is the top crop grown in the entire Buldhana district. This crop is also found in abundance in the fields of farmers in Lonar.
Demography of Lonar Lake surroundings
According to the 2001 Indian census, Lonar had a population of about 20,082. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Lonar has an average literacy rate of 66%. Male literacy is 74%, and female literacy is 58%.
While writing this blog post on Lonar Lake’s surrounding environment, we conducted a survey and collect all the useful information. We as a Lonar Lake Guide Team are local people from this area and we have seen these surroundings since our childhood; we are familiar with them. If you got the encouragement from this blog post in planning to visit this place then definitely it will be an honour for us. Thank you!
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